TABLE 1

Cardiac Disorders Predisposing to Pediatric and Young Adult SCA

Structural/functional
 1. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathya
 2. Coronary artery anomalies
 3. Aortic rupture/Marfan syndromea
 4. Dilated cardiomyopathy or restrictive cardiomyopathya
 5. Myocarditis
 6. Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction
 7. Mitral valve prolapse
 8. Coronary artery atherosclerotic disease
 9. Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathya
 10. Postoperative congenital heart disease
Electrical
 11. LQTSa
 12. Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome
 13. Brugada syndromea
 14. Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardiaa
 15. Short QT syndromea
 16. Complete heart block
Other
 17. Drugs and stimulants; some prescription medications
 18. Primary pulmonary hypertensiona
 19. Commotio cordis
  • a Familial/genetic.