TABLE 2

Percentage of Youth With Reported ADHD Currently Taking Medication for ADHD, According to Gender and Child- and Family-Level Characteristics

Boys With Reported ADHDGirls With Reported ADHD
Medicated ADHD, % (SE)Unmedicated ADHD, %Medicated vs UnmedicatedMedicated ADHD, % (SE)Unmedicated ADHD, %Medicated vs Unmedicated
ORa95% CIORa95% CI
Age, y
    4–860.2 (3.2)39.870.1 ( 4.5)29.9
    9–1265.2 (2.0)34.81.30.9–1.761.3 (3.5)38.80.70.4–1.1
    13–1748.7 (1.9)51.30.60.5–0.943.9 (2.8)56.10.30.2–0.5
Highest education in family
    Less than high school49.3 (6.1)50.764.4 (9.2)35.6
    12 y, high school graduate53.3 (2.4)46.71.20.7–2.054.9 (4.0)45.10.70.3–1.6
    More than high school59.1 (1.5)40.91.50.9–2.454.4 (2.5)45.60.70.3–1.5
Race
    White59.3 (1.4)40.757.3 (2.2)42.7
    Black50.5 (3.9)49.50.70.5–1.042.3 (6.4)57.70.60.3–0.9
    Multiracial48.3 (8.0)51.70.60.3–1.251.7 (9.0)48.30.80.4–1.7
    Other46.4 (8.7)53.70.60.3–1.258.9 (17.9)41.11.10.3–4.6
Ethnicity
    Hispanic/Latino43.9 (5.13)56.244.3 (8.4)55.7
    Non-Hispanic/Latino57.6 (1.3)42.41.71.1–2.756.2 (2.1)43.81.60.8–3.2
Primary language in home
    English57.3 (1.3)42.83.31.6–6.756.1 (2.1)43.911.32.8–46.2
    Any other language28.8 (7.3)71.210.2 (6.5)89.8
Percentage of poverty level
    <10049.9 (3.5)50.151.0 (5.2)49.0
    100–19959.2 (2.8)40.81.51.0–2.159.5 (4.4)40.51.40.8–2.4
    >20060.0 (1.5)40.11.51.1–2.055.5 (2.8)44.51.20.8–1.9
Any health care coverage
    Yes58.5 (1.3)41.53.82.4–6.056.2 (2.1)43.82.01.0–3.9
    No27.0 (4.5)73.039.5 (8.2)60.5
Past 12 mo any health contact
    Yes59.3 (1.3)40.73.22.1–4.756.0 (2.1)44.01.60.9–3.0
    No31.5 (4.2)68.544.0 (7.3)56.0
No. of children in home
    159.4 (1.6)40.61.41.0–2.155.5 (2.6)44.50.60.3–1.0
    256.7 (1.9)43.31.30.9–1.953.6 (3.1)46.40.50.3–1.0
    357.5 (3.2)42.61.30.8–2.048.9 (5.0)51.10.40.2–0.9
    >451.0 (4.6)49.069.1 (6.3)30.9
Family structure
    2 parents, biological or adopted58.5 (1.8)41.562.2 (2.8)37.8
    2 parents, stepfamily54.3 (3.1)45.70.80.6–1.150.1 (5.7)49.90.60.4–1.0
    Single mother, no father present57.0 (2.5)43.00.90.7–1.252.0 (3.8)48.00.70.5–1.0
    Other51.6 (4.5)48.10.80.5–1.148.0 (6.6)52.00.60.3–1.0
Health burden of psychological difficulties
    No difficulties39.1 (2.7)60.944.9 (4.7)55.1
    Difficulties, no burden52.9 (2.5)47.21.81.3–2.345.9 (4.1)54.11.00.6–1.7
    Difficulties, little burden62.6 (2.3)37.42.62.0–3.561.7 (3.9)38.32.01.2–3.2
    Difficulties, medium burden64.0 (2.9)36.02.82.0–3.962.1 (4.3)37.92.01.2–3.4
    Difficulties, great deal of burden65.5 (3.6)34.53.02.0–4.355.2 (6.0)44.81.50.8–2.8
Mother's mental health
    Excellent-to-good58.4 (1.4)41.656.1 (2.3)43.9
    Fair-to-Poor50.7 (4.1)49.30.70.5–1.062.2 (6.0)37.81.30.8–2.2
Father's mental health
    Excellent-to-good56.8 (1.6)43.259.7 (2.6)40.3
    Fair-to-poor53.2 (5.7)46.80.90.5–1.430.7 (7.8)69.30.30.1–0.6
  • a OR indicates risk of being on medication for ADHD given the demographic characteristic.