TABLE 1

Percentage of Youth With Reported ADHD According to Child- and Family-Level Characteristics

Reported ADHDORa95% CI
%SE
Age, y
    4–84.10.2
    9–129.70.32.52.2–2.9
    13–179.70.32.52.2–2.9
Highest education in family
    Less than high school6.50.7
    12 y, high school graduate8.60.31.41.1–1.7
    More than high school7.60.21.21.0–1.5
Race
    White8.60.2
    Black7.70.50.90.8–1.0
    Multiracial9.71.11.10.9–1.5
    Other4.50.70.50.4–0.7
Ethnicity
    Non-Hispanic/Latino8.60.22.52.0–3.0
    Hispanic/Latino3.70.3
Primary language in home
    English8.60.27.45.3–10.2
    Any other language1.30.2
Child born in the United States
    Yes8.10.23.32.3–4.7
    No2.60.5
Percentage of poverty level
     <1009.60.5
    100–1998.00.80.7–1.0
    >2007.40.20.80.7–0.9
Any health care coverage
    Yes8.10.21.71.4–2.1
    No4.90.5
No. of children in home
    19.50.31.41.2–1.6
    27.50.21.10.9–1.3
    37.10.51.00.8–1.2
    ≥47.10.5
    Family structure
    2 parents, biological or adopted5.60.2
    2 parents, stepfamily13.20.72.62.3–2.9
    Single mother, no father present9.80.41.81.7–2.1
    Other9.30.71.71.5–2.0
Health burden of psychological difficulties
    No difficulties1.90.1
    Difficulties, no burden22.71.915.613.6–17.9
    Difficulties, little burden35.51.229.225.3–33.6
    Difficulties, medium burden45.71.744.737.9–52.6
    Difficulties, great deal of burden58.22.573.759.0–92.0
Past 12 mo any health contact
    Yes8.50.22.11.8–2.5
    No4.20.3
Mother's mental health
    Fair-to-poor15.61.02.52.1–2.9
    Excellent-to-good7.00.2
Father's mental health
    Fair-to-poor11.01.11.81.4–2.2
    Excellent-to-good6.60.2
Repeated grade
    Yes20.80.83.43.0–3.8
    No7.20.2
  • a OR indicates likelihood of having a reported ADHD diagnosis given the demographic characteristic.