TABLE 2

Office Emergency Drugs

Prioritya
Drugs
    OxygenE
    Albuterol for inhalationbE
    Epinephrine (1:1000)E
    Activated charcoalS
    AntibioticsS
    Anticonvulsant agents (diazepam, lorazepam)S
    Corticosteroids (parenteral/oral)S
    Dextrose (25%)S
    Diphenhydramine (parenteral, 50 mg/mL)S
    Epinephrine (1:10 000)S
    Atropine sulfate (0.1 mg/mL)S
    Naloxone (0.4 mg/mL)S
    Sodium bicarbonate (4.2%)S
Fluids
    Normal saline solution or lactated Ringer's solution (500-mL bags)S
    5% Dextrose, 0.45 normal saline (500-mL bags)S
  • a E indicates essential; S strongly suggested (essential if EMS response time is more than 10 minutes).

  • b Metered-dose inhaler with spacer or mask may be substituted.

  • Adapted from: American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Pediatric Emergency Medicine. Emergency Medical Services for Children: The Role of the Primary Care Provider. Singer J, Ludwig S, eds. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics; 1992.