TABLE 1

Demographic Data and Clinical Characteristics of Children Admitted With Uncomplicated CAP Before and After the Implementation of a CPG

CharacteristicPre-CPG (n = 530)Post-CPG (n = 503)P
Age, median (IQR), y3.4 (1.6–6.1)3.3 (1.5–6.2).96
Male gender, %4952.38
History of asthma/RAD, %2631.07
Previous pneumonia hospitalization, %58.07
Mean RR (SD)
 Patient age 2–12 mo48 (13)52 (13).08
 Patient age 1–5 y41 (13)41 (12).75
 Patient age 6–12 y32 (12)31 (8).51
 Patient age 13–18 y28 (13)25 (6).29
Hypoxic on admission (O2 saturation <92%), %115<.01
Admitted on supplemental O2, %2524.72
History of cough, %8787.99
History of URI symptoms, %5149.46
History of fever, %8889.77
Antibiotic therapy before admission, %4334<.01
Antibiotic treatment before admission (IQR), median d3 (1–5)3 (2–5).96
Accessory muscle use, %3129.54
Abnormal auscultatory exam findings, %7983.15
Abnormal admit CXR, %9496.20
Admission CXR findings, %
 Focal parenchymal opacity8078.31
 Focal parenchymal opacity with effusion911.33
Blood culture obtained, %5654.42
Median length of therapy, (IQR), d10 (9-10)10 (8-10).95
  • IQR, interquartile range; RAD, reactive airway disease; RR, respiratory rate; URI, upper respiratory infection.