TABLE 4

Behavioral Outcomes (SDQ) Reported by Mothers and Fathers at Corrected Age of 5 Years

PI GroupPC GroupAdjusted Difference, Mean (95% CI)aPadTR Group
MothersN = 67N = 59N = 64
 Total, mean (SD)6.7 (5.3)9.0 (5.5)2.1 (0.1 to 4.1).040.434.9 (3.3)
 Emotion1.8 (3.1)2.0 (1.9)0.2 (−0.7 to 1.2).60.081.0 (1.4)
 Conduct1.1 (1.5)1.5 (1.1)0.3 (−0.2 to 0.8).20.300.7 (0.9)
 Hyperactivity2.8 (2.2)4.1 (2.8)1.3 (0.4 to 2.1).010.522.5 (1.9)
 Peer1.0 (1.6)1.5 (1.8)0.5 (−0.1 to 1.1).10.300.6 (1.0)
 Prosocial7.9 (2.1)7.6 (2.1)0.1 (−0.9 to 0.7).80.148.2 (1.4)
FathersN = 60N = 51N = 59
 Total, mean (SD)6.1 (3.6)8.0 (5.1)1.6 (−0.03 to 3.3).050.444.9 (3.7)
 Emotion1.5 (1.4)1.6 (1.6)0.1 (−0.5 to 0.7).70.070.7 (1.1)
 Conduct0.8 (0.9)1.4 (1.5)0.5 (0.0 to 0.9).040.520.8 (0.8)
 Hyperactivity2.7 (2.0)3.8 (2.4)0.9 (0.1 to1.8).030.512.4 (1.8)
 Peer1.2 (1.4)1.4 (1.7)0.2 (−0.4 to 0.7).60.131.0 (1.5)
 Prosocial7.9 (1.7)7.5 (2.0)0.2 (−0.9 to 0.5).50.228.0 (1.6)
  • a Adjusted for clustering effect of twin pairs.