TABLE 3

Behavioral Outcomes (CBCL) Reported by Fathers at Corrected Age of 5 Years

PI Group , N = 59PC Group, N = 49Adjusted Difference, Mean (95% CI) aPadTR Group, N = 57
Total, mean (SD)13.0 (9.0)17.6 (16.3)−4.7 (−9.6 to 0.3).070.3810.7 (10.6)
Internalizing2.8 (2.6)3.0 (3.2)−0.3 (−1.4 to 0.8).60.102 (3.0)
Externalizing4.4 (3.5)6.4 (7.3)−1.9 (−4.0 to 0.2).080.364.0 (4.2)
Withdrawn0.8 (1.0)1.2 (1.5)−0.3 (−0.8 to 0.2).20.240.5 (1.0)
Social1.2 (1.4)1.6 (2.2)−0.4 (−1.1 to 0.3).30.230.6 (1.5)
Thought0.1 (0.5)0.4 (0.8)−0.3 (−0.5 to 0).060.470.1 (0.2)
Attention1.7 (2.2)3.0 (3.3)−1.2 (−2.2 to −0.1).040.441.4 (2.0)
Aggressive3.5 (0.6)5.3 (0.7)−1.7 (−3.4 to−0.04).040.643.3 (3.6)
Somatic0.7 (1.1)0.7 (1.3)0.001 (−0.5 to 0.5).90.010.7 (1.3)
Anxious/depressed1.3 (1.4)1.2 (1.7)−0.03 (−0.6 to 0.6).90.020.9 (1.5)
Delinquent0.8 (1.1)1.1 (1.9)−0.2 (−0.7 to 0.4).60.140.8 (1.0)
Sexual problems0.2 (0.6)0.3 (0.7)−0.16 (−0.4 to 0.1).20.260.1 (0.6)
  • a Adjusted for clustering effect of twin pairs.