TABLE 2

Behavioral Outcomes (CBCL) Reported by Mothers at Corrected Age of 5 Years

PI Group, N = 65PC Group, N = 62Adjusted Difference, Mean (95% CI)aPadTR Group, N = 65
Total, mean (SD)16.7 (12.0)22.8 (17)−6.1 (−11.3 to −0.8).020.4213.5 (8.9)
Internalizing3.6 (3.5)4.6 (4.4)−1.1 (−2.6 to 0.3).10.282.8 (3.2)
Externalizing5.8 (5.0)8.0 (6.7)−2.0 (−4.1 to 0.1).060.345.1 (3.8)
Withdrawn0.9 (1.0)1.5 (1.7)−0.6 (−1.2 to −0.02).040.450.8 (1.0)
Social1.1 (1.5)1.8 (2.2)−0.7 (−1.4 to −0.2).040.380.7 (1.2)
Thought0.2 (0.6)0.6 (1.4)−0.5 (−0.9 to −0.08).020.500.08 (0.3)
Attention1.7 (2.0)3.2 (3.4)−1.5 (−2.5 to −0.5).0030.561.3 (1.5)
Aggressive4.8 (4.1)6.8 (6)−1.8 (−3.6 to −0.02).050.364.2 (3.4)
Somatic1.0 (1.5)1.0 (1.4)−0.2 (−0.8 to 0.3).40.141.0 (1.5)
Anxious/depressed1.7 (2.0)2.0 (2.2)−0.3 (−1.0 to 0.4).40.111.1 (1.8)
Delinquent1 (1.2)1.2 (1.3)−0.2 (−0.7 to 0.2).40.160.9 (1.0)
Sexual problems0.2 (0.6)0.3 (0.7)−0.02 (−0.3 to 0.3).80.030.2 (0.5)
  • a Adjusted for clustering effect of twin pairs.