TABLE 3

Factors Independently Associated With Childhood Behavioral or Emotional Problems in Multivariate Analyses, MEPS 2004–2008

naOR95% CI
Age, y
    5–1112 1971.000
    12–1797961.4241.231–1.648
Gender
    Male11 1871.000
    Female10 8060.7300.640–0.840
Race/ethnicity
    White (non-Hispanic)96211.000
    Black (non-Hispanic)24610.7360.558–0.969
    Hispanic81390.4790.366 –0.628
    Asian/Pacific Islander (non-Hispanic)10860.2790.163 –0.479
Living with smoker(s)
    Yes66071.000
    No15 3861.0200.687 –1.325
Paternal PCS score
    Average or above average12 5411.000
    Within 1 SD below average40641.1540.977 –1.364
    >1 SD below average53881.2220.986 –1.514
Paternal MCS score
    Average or above average11 0711.000
    Within 1 SD below average50521.3331.097 –1.621
    >1 SD below average58701.4831.193 –1.843
Maternal PCS score
    Average or above average13 7811.000
    Within 1 SD below average47581.5331.277 –1.841
    >1 SD below average30971.7621.350 –2.299
Maternal MCS score
    Average or above average12 4421.000
    Within 1 SD below average58062.1501.786 –2.588
    >1 SD below average37453.3082.677 –4.089
Paternal depressive symptoms (N = 19 180)a
    No17 939
    Yes12411.7031.339 –2.167
Maternal depressive symptoms (N = 20 286)a
    No18 491
    Yes17953.0152.447 –3.714
Paternal smoking (N = 19 221)a
    Yes40641.000
    No15 1570.9430.715 –1.244
Maternal smoking (N = 20 302)a
    Yes28341.000
    No17 4681.5641.213 –2.016
Paternal education (N = 21 247)a
    <High school degree64111.000
    High school degree/GED64701.1610.898 –1.501
    ≥Bachelor's degree88661.0980.834 –1.445
Maternal education (N = 21 913)a
    <High school degree62291.000
    High school degree/GED60571.1040.841 –1.451
    ≥Bachelor's degree96271.0810.802 –1.457
Responder to CIS Questionnaire
    Father37140.9340.755 –1.154
    Mother17 0911.000
    Others5770.8700.487 –1.555
  • a Sample for bivariate analyses was based on children aged 5 to 17 years living in a 2-parent household with child CIS data, and parental MCS and PCS scores. Thus, the number of subjects with information for PHQ-2 on parental depressive symptoms, as well as parental smoking status and parental education, is different from the total number of subjects used in bivariate and multivariate analyses.