Conditions Under Which Children <3 Years Old Should Have BP Measured

History of prematurity, very low birth weight, or other neonatal complication requiring intensive care
Congenital heart disease (repaired or unrepaired)
Recurrent urinary tract infections, hematuria, or proteinuria
Known renal disease or urologic malformations
Family history of congenital renal disease
Solid-organ transplant
Malignancy or bone marrow transplant
Treatment with drugs known to raise BP
Other systemic illnesses associated with hypertension (neurofibromatosis, tuberous sclerosis, etc)
Evidence of increased intracranial pressure
  • Reproduced with permission from High Blood Pressure Education Program Working Group on High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents. Pediatrics. 2004;114(2 suppl 4th report):556.