TABLE 1

Characteristics of the Study Population by Location of Death

CharacteristicsTotal (N = 11 779), n (%)Not a Sitting Device (n = 11 431), n (%)Sitting Device (n = 348), n (%)P
Age at the time of death, mo
 0–38190 (69.3)7951 (69.6)239 (68.7).29
 4–62638 (22.4)2551 (22.3)87 (25.0)
 7–11951 (8.1)929 (8.1)22 (6.3)
Infant sex
 Male6823 (57.9)6623 (57.9)200 (57.5).84
 Female4956 (42.1)4808 (42.1)148 (42.5)
Race and/or ethnicity of infant
 Hispanic2032 (17.3)1968 (17.2)64 (18.4).63
 Non-Hispanic white5272 (44.8)5112 (44.7)160 (46.0)
 Non-Hispanic African American3733 (31.7)3626 (31.7)107 (30.8)
 Other742 (6.3)725 (6.3)17 (4.9)
Cause of death
 SUID or SIDS3278 (27.8)3151 (27.6)127 (36.5)<.0001
 ASSB3407 (28.9)3349 (29.3)58 (16.7)
 Unknown or undetermined5094 (43.3)4931 (43.1)163 (46.8)
Primary caregiver at time of death
 Parent or guardian11 458 (97.3)11 118 (97.3)340 (97.7).80
 Relative or friend182 (1.6)179 (1.6)a
 Foster parent102 (0.9)99 (0.9)a
 Other37 (0.3)35 (0.3)a
Primary supervisor at time of death
 Parent or guardian9004 (76.5)8743 (76.5)261 (75.0).0007
 Relative662 (5.6)649 (5.7)13 (3.7)
 Friend85 (0.7)82 (0.7)a
 Baby-sitter398 (3.4)375 (3.3)23 (6.6)
 Child care provider157 (1.3)145 (1.3)12 (3.5)
 Other45 (0.4)44 (0.4)a
 Unknown1425 (12.1)1390 (12.2)35 (10.1)
Setting
 Child’s home9444 (80.2)9221 (80.7)223 (64.1)<.0001
 Relative’s or friend’s home1423 (12.1)1365 (11.9)58 (16.7)
 Foster home123 (1.0)121 (1.1)a
 Child care center or baby-sitter’s home511 (4.3)480 (4.2)31 (8.9)
 Motel, RV, trailer, or park112 (1.0)103 (0.9)9 (2.6)
 Vehicle in motion or temporarily parked20 (0.2)a19 (5.5)
 Shopping or errands (not in vehicle), restaurant, or on walk in stroller8 (0.1)aa
 Other138 (1.2)136 (1.2)a
Bed-sharing<.0001
 Yes6604 (56.1)6589 (57.6)15 (4.3)
 No5175 (43.9)4842 (42.4)333 (95.7)
≥1 object in sleep environment<.0001
 Yes3954 (33.6)3883 (34.0)71 (20.4)
 No7825 (66.4)7548 (66.0)277 (79.6)
  • RV, recreational vehicle.

  • a Frequency suppressed because cell size <6.