TABLE 1

Observed (Weighted) and Adjusted Prevalence of Pediatric Behavioral Disorders According to SHS Exposure Status at Home in Children Aged 0 to 11 Years in the United States, 2007

DisordersSHS Exposure
Yes, %No, %
Crude (95% CI)aAdjusted (95% CI)bCrude (95% CI)aAdjusted (95% CI)b
Learning disabilities14.1 (11.4–16.8)15.1 (14.2–16.1)7.7 (7.1–8.4)7.2 (6.9–7.4)
ADHD or ADD14.2 (11.4–16.9)13.0 (11.9–14.2)5.4 (4.9–5.8)5.5 (5.3–5.6)
Conduct or behavioral disorders9.7 (7.1–12.2)8.7 (7.9–9.5)3.1 (2.7–3.5)2.8 (2.7–2.9)
Treatment or counselling13.0 (10.6–15.5)11.7 (10.8–12.5)5.5 (5.0–6.0)5.3 (5.1–5.4)
  • a Adjusted for clustering effect within states of residence.

  • b Adjusted by multivariable logistic regression for age of child, gender, poverty status of the household, state of residence, metropolitan status, mothers' level of education, mothers' foreign status, race, family structure, marital status, total number of children in households, total number of adults in households, primary language, and birth weight.