TABLE 1

Annual Varicella-Related Deaths in the United States, According to Underlying and Contributing Cause, 1990–2007

Varicella as the Underlying CauseVaricella as the Contributing Cause
1990–1994a,b1999–2001b,c2002200320042005200620071990–1994a,b1999–2001b,c2002–2007b
No. of deaths per year10539.332161913181439.626.719.3
No. (%) of deaths per year
    Age
        <1 y8.8 (8.4)1.7 (4.3)1 (3.1)1 (6.3)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)3 (7.6)0.7 (2.6)0.2 (0.9)
        1–4 y13.2 (12.6)1.3 (3.3)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (5.3)1 (7.7)0 (0.0)1 (7.1)5.2 (13.1)0.7 (2.6)0.5 (2.6)
        5–9 y15.6 (14.9)2 (5.1)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)2 (10.5)0 (0.0)1 (5.6)0 (0.0)3.2 (8.1)2.3 (8.6)0.3 (1.7)
        10–19 y10.4 (9.9)3.3 (8.4)1 (3.1)0 (0.0)1 (5.3)0 (0.0)2 (11.1)0 (0.0)2.2 (5.6)1 (3.7)0.3 (1.7)
        20–49 y35.6 (33.9)9.7 (24.7)12 (37.5)5 (31.3)4 (21.1)4 (30.8)4 (22.2)2 (14.3)11.6 (29.3)7 (26.3)2.3 (12.1)
        ≥50 y21.4 (20.4)21.3 (54.2)18 (56.3)10 (62.5)11 (57.9)8 (61.5)11 (61.1)11 (78.6)14.4 (36.4)15 (56.2)15.7 (81.0)
    Gender
        Male55.4 (52.8)21.3 (54.2)20 (62.5)10 (62.5)11 (57.9)7 (53.8)13 (72.2)6 (42.9)24.8 (62.6)14.7 (55.1)10.3 (53.4)
        Female49.6 (47.2)18 (45.8)12 (37.5)6 (37.5)8 (42.1)6 (46.2)5 (27.8)8 (57.1))14.8 (37.4)12 (44.9)9 (46.6)
    Race
        White78.6 (74.9)34 (86.4)24 (75.0)14 (87.5)17 (89.5)11 (84.6)17 (94.4)13 (92.7)28.8 (72.7)22.3 (83.5)16.3 (84.5)
        Black19.2 (18.3)4.7 (11.9)5 (15.6)2 (12.5)1 (5.3)1 (7.7)1 (5.6)1 (7.1)8.8 (22.2)4 (15.0)2.2 (11.2)
        Other7.2 (6.9)0.7 (1.7)3 (9.4)0 (0.0)1 (5.3)1 (7.7)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)2 (5.1)0.3 (1.1)0.8 (4.3)
    Ethnic group
        Non-Hispanic87.6 (83.4)35.7 (90.7)29 (90.6)13 (81.3)14 (73.7)11 (84.6)15 (83.3)11 (78.6)34.2 (86.4)25 (93.6)18.2 (94.0)
        Hispanic14.8 (14.1)3.7 (9.3)3 (9.4)3 (18.7)5 (26.3)2 (15.4)3 (16.7)3 (21.4)4.4 (11.1)1.3 (4.9)1.2 (6.0)
  • a Data are from Meyer et al.7

  • b Numbers are averages.

  • c Data are from Nguyen et al.5