TABLE 2

Neonatal Characteristics of Included Infants With Proven and Suspected Sepsis Versus Uninfected Control Infants

Proven Sepsis (N = 136)PaSuspected Sepsis (N = 169)PbUninfected (N = 236)
Male gender, n (%)75 (55).88380 (47).088132 (56)
Gestational age, median (IQR), wk26.4 (25.7–27.1).01226.6 (25.7–27.3).00227 (26.3–27.4)
Birth weight, median (IQR), g820 (700–959).178850 (740–995).263920 (760–1040)
Prenatal steroid exposure, n (%)100 (78).746127 (84).329176 (80)
Cesarean delivery, n (%)111 (82).917137 (81).801192 (81)
Umbilical artery pH, median (IQR)7.30 (7.24–7.34).8737.31 (7.26–7.35).5587.30 (7.25–7.34)
1-min Apgar score, median (IQR)5 (3.75–6.25).2806 (4–7).6936 (4–7)
5-min Apgar score, median (IQR)7 (6–8).2408 (6.5–9.0).3718 (7–9)
10-min Apgar score, median (IQR)8 (7–9).3468 (7–9).7418 (8–9)
Persistent ductus arteriosus, n (%)70 (52).01274 (44).30690 (38)
Mechanical ventilation, n (%)113 (83)<.001132 (78).001143 (60)
Mechanical ventilation, median (IQR), d6 (2–15).0025 (2–12).0102 (0–5)
Duration of continuous positive airway pressure, median (IQR), d33 (20–45).10029 (14–41).11524 (8–39)
BPD, n (%)42 (31).00539 (23).23043 (18)
Intraventricular hemorrhage ≥3, n (%)6 (4).27617 (10).06515 (6)
Cystic leukomalacia, n (%)2 (2).4938 (5).2346 (3)
ROP grade ≥3, n (%)7 (4).56511 (7).2169 (5)
  • a P values of χ2 test comparing infants with proven sepsis versus uninfected infants.

  • b P values of χ2 test comparing infants with suspected sepsis versus uninfected infants.