Table 5.

Prevalence of Overweight Based on Percentage of 2 to 5-Year-old Children Above the 95th Percentile of the Weight-for-stature Growth Reference, 1971 Through 1974 to 1988 Through 1994

Survey*Boys, % (SE)Girls, % (SE)
2 and 3 y
 All races
  NHANES I3.1 (1.2)2.0 (0.6)
  NHANES II2.0 (0.4)2.5 (0.7)
  NHANES III2.1 (0.6)4.8 (0.8)
 White
  NHANES I1.9 (0.8)1.6 (0.6)
  NHANES II1.5 (0.4)2.9 (0.8)
  NHANES III2.0 (0.6)4.5 (1.0)
 Black
  NHANES I3.4 (2.1)†2.2 (1.3)
  NHANES II2.2 (1.1)1.0 (0.9)
  NHANES III3.0 (1.1)6.2 (1.5)
 Mexican-American‡
  HHANES5.6 (1.8)4.2 (2.3)
  NHANES III6.2 (1.7)10.5 (2.0)
4 and 5 y
 All races
  NHANES I4.4 (0.8)5.8 (1.2)
  NHANES II4.4 (0.8)7.6 (1.8)
  NHANES III5.0 (0.9)10.8 (1.4)
 White
  NHANES I4.0 (0.9)6.0 (1.4)
  NHANES II4.6 (1.1)7.4 (2.1)
  NHANES III4.3 (1.0)11.2 (1.8)
 Black
  NHANES I7.0 (3.8)5.0 (0.9)
  NHANES II3.0 (1.6)6.5 (2.2)
  NHANES III8.7 (1.7)12.6 (2.2)
 Mexican-American‡
  HHANES4.9 (1.7)10.6 (1.8)
  NHANES III12.0 (2.4)13.2 (1.8)
  • * National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) I, 1971 through 1974; NHANES II, 1976 through 1980; Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (HHANES), 1982 through 1984; and NHANES III 1988 through 1994.

  • Estimate excludes individual with an outlier sample weight.

  • Mexican-American children are included in the white and black estimates from NHANES III.