Table 1.

Breastfeeding in the Hospital and at 6 Months of Age by Selected Demographic Characteristics, 1989 Through 1995

CharacteristicIn HospitalAt 6 mo
1989, %1995, %Change, %*1989, %1995, %Change, %*
All infants52.259.714.418.121.619.3
 White58.564.39.921.024.114.8
 Black23.037.060.96.411.275.0
 Hispanic48.461.026.013.919.641.0
Maternal age, y
 <2030.242.841.75.69.162.5
 20–2445.252.616.411.514.627.0
 25–2958.863.17.321.122.98.5
 30–3465.568.14.029.329.0(1.0)‡
 35+66.570.05.334.033.8(0.6)‡
Total family income
 <$10 00031.841.831.48.211.439.0
 $10 000–$14 99947.151.79.813.915.410.8
 $15 000–$24 99954.758.87.518.919.84.8
 ≥$25 00066.370.76.625.528.511.8
Maternal education
 Grade school31.743.838.211.517.148.7
 High school42.549.716.912.415.021.0
 College70.774.45.228.831.28.3
Maternal employment
 Employed full time50.860.719.58.914.360.7
 Employed part time59.463.56.921.123.410.9
 Not employed51.058.013.721.625.015.7
Birth weight
 Low (≤2500 g)36.247.731.89.812.628.6
 Normal53.560.513.118.822.318.6
Parity
 Primiparous52.661.617.115.119.529.1
 Multiparous51.757.811.821.123.611.8
WIC participation†
 Participant34.246.636.38.412.751.2
 Nonparticipant62.971.012.923.829.222.7
US census region
 New England52.261.217.218.622.219.4
 Middle Atlantic47.453.813.516.819.616.7
 East North Central47.654.614.716.718.913.2
 West North Central55.961.910.718.421.416.3
 South Atlantic43.854.825.113.718.635.8
 East South Central37.944.116.411.513.013.0
 West South Central46.054.418.313.617.025.0
 Mountain70.275.17.028.330.37.1
 Pacific70.375.16.826.630.916.2
  • * The percent change was calculated using the following formula: % breastfed in 1984 − % breastfed in 1989/% breastfed in 1984.

  • WIC indicates Women, Infants, and Children supplemental food program.

  • Figures in parentheses indicate a decrease in the rate of breastfeeding from 1989 to 1995.