Table 3.

Association Between Renal Agenesis and Hypoplasia and Binge Drinking Among Mothers Who Were Light-to-Moderate Drinkers During Pregnancy: Atlanta Birth Defects Case-Control Study, 1968 Through 1980

Type of Renal Agenesis/HypoplasiaType of Alcohol Consumption*
Nondrinker, nDrinker, No Binge, 3–13 Drinks/wkDrinker, Binge, 3–13 Drinks/wk
nOR (95% CI)nOR (95% CI)
No anomaly1576216Referent212Referent
All agenesis/hypoplasia214  1.4 (0.4–4.3) 103.5 (1.5–8.0)
 Unilateral only†101  0.7 (0.0–5.5) 43.0 (0.8–10.4)
 Bilateral only92  1.6 (0.2–8.0) 65.0 (1.6–15.4)
 Isolated only70  0.0 Indeterminate 33.2 (0.6–13.7)
 Multiple only143  1.6 (0.4–5.9) 84.2 (1.6–10.9)
  • * n indicates number of infants; OR, odds ratio; and CI, confidence interval.

  • Laterality was unknown in two infants.