Table 2.

Association Between Renal Agenesis and Hypoplasia and Mothers’ Light-to-Moderate Alcohol Consumption During Pregnancy: Atlanta Birth Defects Case-Control Study, 1968 Through 1980

Type of Renal Agenesis/HypoplasiaNo. of Drinks/wk*
None, n<33–13
nOR (95% CI)nOR (95% CI)
No anomaly1576847Referent428Referent
All agenesis/hypoplasia2160.5 (0.2–1.4)142.5 (1.2–5.1)
 Unilateral only†1040.7 (0.2–2.6)51.8 (0.5–5.8)
 Bilateral only920.4 (0.1–2.0)93.7 (1.3–10.1)
 Isolated only720.5 (0.1–2.8)42.1 (0.5–8.0)
 Multiple only1440.5 (0.1–1.7)102.6 (1.1–6.3)
  • * n indicates number of infants; OR, odds ratio; and CI, confidence interval.

  • Laterality was unknown in two infants.