Table 1.

Association Between Selected Renal Anomalies and Mothers’ Light-to-Moderate Alcohol Consumption During Pregnancy: Atlanta Birth Defects Case-Control Study, 1968 Through 1980

Type of Renal AnomalyNo. of Drinks/wk*
None, n<33–1314+
nOR (95% CI)nOR (95% CI)nOR (95% CI)
No anomaly1576847Referent428Referent35Referent
All renal anomalies79340.8 (0.5–1.2)321.5 (1.0–2.3)31.7 (0.4–6.0)
 Agenesis/hypoplasia2160.5 (0.2–1.4)142.5 (1.2–5.1)00.0 Indeterminant
 Hydroureteronephrosis40100.5 (0.2–1.0)111.0 (0.5–2.1)22.3 (0.4–10.1)
 Duplication741.1 (0.3–4.0)42.1 (0.5–8.0)00.0 Indeterminant
 Multicystic dysplasia11142.4 (1.0–5.6)31.0 (0.2–3.9)14.1 (0.2–32.1)
  • * n indicates number of infants; OR, odds ratio; and CI, confidence interval.