Table 5.

Comparison of Children's Developmental Status by Parents' Characteristics and Judgments

Characteristics and Judgments of ParentsRelationship Between Parents' Judgments and Developmental StatusF
Accurately
Nonconcerned
Inaccurately
Concerned/(Highly
Observant)
Accurately
Concerned
Inaccurately
Nonconcerned
Average number of significant concerns0.0*1.72.50.0*205.16
Average number of problems' items endorsed on the CDI1.2§2.23.02.336.70
Risk factors
 Parents' age (in yr) at child's birth27.428.029.026.01.42
 Parent's level of education (grades completed)13.113.312.912.40.51
PercentagesPercentagesPercentagesPercentagesχ2
 Non-English speaking5%5%7%25%4.79
 Not married32%33%50%33%5.63
 Low income (child qualified for Federal free lunch program)28%38%36%25%4.28
Other characteristics
 Had concerns about child's:
  Self-help skills4%*26%52%0%87.03
  Social skills8%*29%54%8%64.42
  Behavior27%*43%64%17%27.02
 Believed children's medical problems  were somewhat serious or serious6%*26%23%0%*30.58
 Affirmed the following items on the  CDI problem checklist:
 Growth, height or weight problems3%§10%23%17%22.78
 Eating problem—poorly or too much7%§24%23%33%23.55
 Sleep problems5%*16%9%0%14.63
 Does not pay attention; poor listener3%**13%25%25%31.76
 Clumsy; walks or runs poorly,  stumbles or falls2%**4%18%0%27.99
 Disobedient; does not mind well,  resists9%**10%**30%25%16.30
  • * Significantly different from excessively concerned and accurately concerned groups.

  • Significantly different from accurately concerned group.

  • P < 0.0001.

  • § Significantly different from other three groups.

  • Significantly different from inaccurately nonconcerned group.

  • P < 0.001.

  • ** Significantly different from accurately concerned and inaccurately nonconcerned groups.