Table 3.

Characteristics of Vaccine Volume Program (VVP) and Non-VVP Pediatricians and Their Patients: Data From Cross-sectional Survey (Sample 1)

Physician CharacteristicsVVP (n = 7)Non-VVP (n = 8)P
Provide immunizations at acute visits  2 6.13
Refer some patients for immunizations  1 7.01
Provision of immunizations profitable  2 7.04
≤3 of 7 possible contraindications*  0 3.20
Patient CharacteristicsVVP (n = 436)Non-VVP (n = 421)P
Size of metropolitan area<.0001
 Population >250 000136324
 Population 50 000–250 000119 48
 Population <50 000181 49
Maternal education level<.0001
 <High school graduate 34  7
 High school graduate 92 62
 Some college170151
 College graduate127199
Child 2 y at time of survey258231.229
  • * Physicians indicated which of seven possible scenarios were contraindications to diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccination.

  • Based on size of metropolitan area in which child's pediatrician was located.

  • Education data were missing on the mothers of 15 children.