TABLE 2

Descriptive Statistics: Mother and Father Depression and Outcome Variables

VariableFull Sample, N (%)Both Not Depressed, N (%)Mother Depressed, N (%)Father Depressed, N (%)Both Depressed, N (%)P
Back sleep position2685 (52.8)2163 (54.4)259 (44.2)203 (54.1)60 (40.8)<.001
Child ever breastfed3784 (74.4)3021 (75.9)403 (68.8)266 (70.9)94 (63.9)<.001
Child to bed without bottle3816 (75.1)3064 (77.1)391 (66.7)270 (72.0)91 (61.9)<.001
Child to bed awake3100 (61.1)2402 (60.4)368 (63.3)250 (66.7)80 (54.4)<.05
M read to child every day1695 (33.3)1384 (34.8)157 (26.8)107 (28.5)47 (32.0)<.001
M tell stories every day1375 (27)1126 (28.3)127 (21.7)86 (22.9)36 (24.5)<.01
M sing songs every day3785 (74.4)2991 (75.2)417 (71.2)267 (71.2)110 (74.8)<.10
M take child on errands every day2946 (57.9)2298 (57.8)342 (58.4)219 (58.4)87 (59.2)NS
M play peekaboo a few times a week or more4635 (91.1)3656 (91.9)517 (88.2)336 (89.6)126 (85.7)<.01
M tickle child a few times a week or more5033 (98.9)3942 (99.1)578 (98.6)369 (98.4)144 (98.0)NS
M play outside a few times a week or more3780 (74.3)2986 (75.1)421 (71.8)271 (72.3)102 (69.4)NS
F read to child every day409 (8.2)331 (8.4)41 (7.1)29 (7.9)8 (5.6)NS
F tell stories every day534 (10.8)422 (10.9)60 (10.4)38 (10.4)14 (10.0)NS
F sing songs every day1731 (34.9)1379 (35.7)180 (31.3)130 (35.6)42 (29.0)<.10
F take child on errands every day1177 (23.4)911 (23.2)134 (23.0)101 (27.2)31 (21.2)NS
F play peekaboo a few times a week or more4354 (87.7)3421 (88.2)497 (87.2)315 (84.9)121 (85.2)NS
F tickle child a few times a week or more4937 (98.8)3864 (98.9)568 (98.8)366 (98.9)139 (97.2)NS
F play outside a few times a week or more3006 (60.4)2387 (61.3)338 (59.0)206 (55.5)75 (52.8)<.05
  • M indicates mother; F, father; NS, not significant.