TABLE 2

External Causes of Burn Injury Hospitalizations Grouped According to Burn Depth and LOS for Children Younger Than 5 years in Western Australia, 1983–2008

External Cause of Burn InjuryIndex Hospital Admissions (N = 5398), n (%)Full-Thickness Burns (N = 416), n (%)Partial-Thickness Burns (N = 2719), n (%)LOS
Median, dIQR (Minimum, Maximum), d
Scalding (liquid, vapors)2618 (48.5)145 (34.9)1562 (57.5)62–12 (1, 91)
Contact1075 (19.9)116 (27.9)691 (25.4)31–7 (1, 65)
Flame, uncontrolled firea93 (1.7)19 (4.6)52 (1.9)51–14 (1197)
Flame, controlled fireb960 (17.8)56 (13.5)237 (8.7)41–9 (1, 264)
Ignition of clothing55 (1.0)20 (4.8)26 (1.0)178–24 (1, 72)
Ignition of inflammable material38 (0.7)7 (1.7)16 (0.6)115–19 (1, 67)
Electrical burns63 (1.2)19 (4.6)16 (0.6)21–5 (1, 57)
Chemical/corrosive burns129 (2.4)3 (0.7)24 (0.9)11–4 (1, 153)
Explosions and fireworks4 (0.07)0 (0)2 (0.07)2.51.5–14 (1, 25)
Scald, assault3 (0.06)0 (0)1 (0.04)1111–50 (11, 50)
Scald, undetermined intent1 (0.02)0 (0)0 (0)1
Flame, assault3 (0.06)1 (0.2)1 (0.04)92–12 (2, 12)
Flame, undetermined intent5 (0.09)0 (0)2 (0.07)76–19 (4, 24)
Sunburn87 (1.6)0 (0)16 (0.6)21–4 (1, 10)
Other radiation21 (0.4)0 (0)14 (0.5)42–6 (1, 59)
Unspecified243 (4.5)30 (7.2)59 (2.2)41–13 (1, 673)
  • a Uncontrolled fire: burning structure, bushfire.

  • b Controlled fire: fireplace, stove, campfire.