TABLE 2

Clinical Severity of Student Case Patients According to Vaccination Status: Arkansas, 2003

Clinical CharacteristicsVaccinated Case Patients (n = 43)Unvaccinated Case Patients (n = 5)P
Median number of days with rash, n (range)4 (1–8)7 (5–7).009
<50 lesions, n (%)32 (89)a0 (0)<.001
Itchy rash, n (%)32 (89)a5 (100)NS
Developed scabs, n (%)29 (83)b5 (100)NS
Generalized rash, n (%)34 (94)a5 (100)NS
Fever, n (%); median maximum temperature °F, (range)18c (47); 99.8 (99.2–102.4)4 (80); 100.8 (100–102).04, NS
Did not appear sick vs appeared moderately sick, n (%)34 (94)a2 (40).009
Median number days child missed school, n (range)2 (0–5)5 (3–5).002
Median number days adult missed work, n (range)0 (0–5)2 (0–5)NS
  • Clinical severity was not available for all cases. NS indicates not significant.

  • a For vaccinated case patients, total n = 36.

  • b For vaccinated case patients, total n = 35.

  • c For vaccinated case patients, total n = 38.