TABLE 1

Demographic Characteristics of Children With CAP, Stratified According to Whether They Received Adjunct Systemic Corticosteroids

Overall (N = 20 703)No Systemic Corticosteroids (n = 13 469)Systemic Corticosteroids (n = 7234)P
Male gender, n10 117 (48.9)6613 (49.1)3504 (48.4).365
Age category, n<.001
    1–5 y12 939 (62.5)8182 (60.8)4757 (65.8)
    6–11 y4831 (23.3)3063 (22.7)1768 (24.4)
    12–18 y2933 (14.2)2224 (16.5)709 (9.8)
Race, n<.001
    Black5082 (24.6)2868 (21.3)2214 (30.6)
    White12 891 (62.3)8832 (65.6)4059 (56.1)
    Other1996 (9.6)1347 (10.0)649 (9.0)
    Missing734 (3.6)422 (3.1)312 (4.3)
Hospitalization characteristics, n (%)
    During viral respiratory seasona13 256 (64.0)8706 (64.6)4550 (62.9).013
    Previous asthma hospitalizationb2778 (13.4)1264 (9.4)1514 (20.9)<.001
    ICU admission3392 (16.4)1994 (14.8)1398 (19.3)<.001
  • a Includes admission during the months of October through March.

  • b Asthma-related ICD-9 discharge codes: 493.0–493.92.