TABLE 2

Physicians' Rationale for Antimicrobial Treatment of Children and Adolescents With Acute GAS Pharyngitis

RationaleTotal No. (%) (n = 948)No. (%) of Pediatricians (n = 423)No. (%) of Family Physicians (n = 525)χ2Pa
Prevent acute rheumatic fever897 (95)407 (96)490 (93).05
Prevent local suppurative complications669 (71)303 (72)366 (70).51
Shorten clinical course666 (70)313 (74)353 (67).02
Decrease contagiousness664 (70)337 (80)327 (62)<.01
Prevent acute glomerulonephritis539 (57)192 (45)347 (66)<.01
Prevent PANDAS214 (23)132 (31)82 (16)<.01
Otherb25 (3)10 (2)15 (3).63
  • PANDAS indicates pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococci. Respondents were allowed to choose as many options as they felt were applicable.

  • a Comparing pediatricians and family physicians.

  • b Other responses volunteered by respondents included facilitate return to daycare or school, prevent other complications, and prevent illness in patient with chronic illness.