TABLE 5

Associations of Parental Prepregnancy Overweight and Ordinal OR for Offspring Behavioral Problems: Ordinal OR for Being in a Higher Quintile

Individual Maternal-Paternal ModelsMutually Adjusted Maternal-Paternal Models
Model 1aModel 2bModel 1aModel 2b
OR95% CIPOR95% CIPOR95% CIPOR95% CIP
Total behavioral problems, quintiles
    ALSPACc
        Maternal overweight1.110.98–1.25.11.010.89–1.14.91.110.99–1.26.081.010.90–1.15.8
        Paternal overweight0.960.87–1.07.50.940.85–1.04.30.960.86–1.06.40.940.85–1.04.3
    Generation Rd
        Maternal overweight1.291.07–1.56.0081.211.00–1.47.051.291.07–1.57.0081.211.00–1.47.05
        Paternal overweight1.010.86–1.17.91.010.86–1.18.90.980.84–1.14.80.990.85–1.16.9
Attention/hyperactivity problems, quintiles
    ALSPACc
        Maternal overweight1.040.92–1.18.50.920.82–1.05.21.040.92–1.17.60.930.82–1.05.2
        Paternal overweight1.020.92–1.13.70.980.88–1.08.61.020.92–1.13.70.980.89–1.09.7
    Generation Rd
        Maternal overweight1.140.96–1.35.11.040.88–1.25.61.150.97–1.37.11.060.89–1.27.5
        Paternal overweight0.950.82–1.10.50.920.80–1.06.30.940.81–1.08.40.920.79–1.06.2
Emotional/internalizing problems, quintiles
    ALSPACc
        Maternal overweight1.000.89–1.13.960.990.88–1.12.91.010.90–1.15.81.000.88–1.13.99
        Paternal overweight0.930.84–1.03.20.930.84–1.03.20.930.84–1.03.10.930.84–1.03.2
    Generation Rd
        Maternal overweight1.150.96–1.39.11.120.92–1.35.31.160.96–1.41.11.120.93–1.36.2
        Paternal overweight0.970.83–1.13.70.980.84–1.14.80.950.81–1.11.50.970.83–1.13.7
Conduct/externalizing problems, quintiles
    ALSPACc
        Maternal overweight1.040.92–1.18.51.000.88–1.13.91.050.93–1.19.51.000.88–1.13.98
        Paternal overweight0.970.88–1.07.50.970.88–1.07.60.960.87–1.07.50.970.88–1.08.6
    Generation Rd
        Maternal overweight1.241.02–1.50.031.211.00–1.46.061.241.03–1.51.021.211.00–1.47.05
        Paternal overweight0.990.85–1.15.90.990.85–1.15.90.970.83–1.13.70.970.83–1.13.7
  • Maternal/paternal overweight or obese versus normal BMI.

  • a Unadjusted.

  • b Adjusted for maternal education, paternal education, family income, social class (ALSPAC only), and maternal smoking.

  • c SDQ total problems at 47 months, emotional, conduct, and attention problems (n = 4873).

  • d CBCL total problems at 36 months, internalizing, externalizing (n = 2046); attention (n = 2483).