TABLE 4

Associations of Parental Prepregnancy Overweight and Ordinal OR for Offspring Cognition: Ordinal OR for Being in a Higher Quintile

Individual Maternal-Paternal ModelsMutually Adjusted Maternal-Paternal Models
Model 1aModel 2bModel 1aModel 2b
OR95% CIPOR95% CIPOR95% CIPOR95% CIP
Nonverbal skills
    ALSPACc
        Maternal overweight0.990.85–1.16.90.970.83–1.14.71.000.85–1.16.970.980.84–1.14.8
        Paternal overweight0.980.87–1.11.70.960.85–1.09.60.980.87–1.11.70.970.85–1.09.6
    Generation Rd
        Maternal overweight1.080.91–1.30.41.080.90–1.30.41.080.90–1.30.41.080.90–1.30.4
        Paternal overweight1.020.88–1.18.81.020.88–1.18.81.010.87–1.170.91.010.87–1.17.9
Language—sentence length
    ALSPACc
        Maternal overweight0.770.68–0.87<.0010.880.78–1.00.060.760.67–0.87<0.0010.880.77–1.00.05
        Paternal overweight0.990.89–1.09.81.040.94–1.16.41.010.91–1.120.91.050.95–1.17.3
    Generation Rd
        Maternal overweight0.790.67–0.94.0070.880.74–1.05.20.810.68–0.960.020.900.75–1.07.2
        Paternal overweight0.850.74–0.98.020.880.76–1.02.090.870.75–1.000.050.900.77–1.03.1
Language—word production
    ALSPACc
        Maternal overweight0.910.81–1.04.20.950.84–1.08.50.910.80–1.030.10.940.83–1.07.4
        Paternal overweight1.070.97–1.19.21.090.98–1.21.11.080.98–1.200.11.090.99–1.21.09
    Generation Rd
        Maternal overweight0.870.73–1.03.10.910.76–1.08.30.870.73–1.040.10.910.76–1.09.3
        Paternal overweight0.970.84–1.12.70.990.85–1.14.90.990.85–1.140.81.000.86–1.15.97
  • Maternal/paternal overweight or obese versus normal BMI.

  • a Unadjusted.

  • b Adjusted for maternal education, paternal education, family income, social class (ALSPAC only), and maternal smoking.

  • c Diagnostic Analysis of Nonverbal Accuracy test at 8 years (n = 3221), MacArthur at 38 months (sentence length, n = 4658; word production, n = 4712).

  • d PARCA at 30 months (n = 2258), Language Development Survey at 30 months (sentence length, n = 2398; word production, n = 2385).