TABLE 2

Associations of Indicators of Potential Confounders and Mediators With Maternal and Paternal Prepregnancy Overweight

Maternal Overweight/ObesityPaternal Overweight/Obesity
OR95% CIPOR95% CIP
ALSPACa
    Maternal education nondegree (vs degree)1.981.61–2.44<.0011.411.21–1.63<.001
    Paternal education nondegree (vs degree)1.771.48–2.12<.0011.431.26–1.64<.001
    Income lowest quartile (vs higher)1.471.23–1.75<.0010.920.79–1.08.3
    Social class manual (vs nonmanual)1.741.45–2.10<.0011.120.95–1.33.2
    Maternal smoking yes (vs no)1.221.02–1.45.030.930.80–1.08.4
Breastfeeding yes (vs no)0.650.54–0.78<.0010.730.63–0.86<.001
Generation Rb
    Maternal education nondegree (vs degree)1.871.55–2.26<.0011.211.05–1.40.01
    Paternal education nondegree (vs degree)1.811.50–2.17<.0011.311.13–1.51<.001
    Income lower quartile (vs higher)1.641.33–2.04<.0010.960.79–1.16.7
    Maternal smoking yes (vs no)1.221.00–1.49.041.030.87–1.22.7
    Breastfeeding yes (vs no)0.580.49–0.70<.0010.820.70–0.96.01
  • a n = 4886 with data on parental size and all indicators socioeconomic position.

  • b n = 3187 with data on parental size and all indicators of socioeconomic position.