TABLE 1

Diseases That May Affect the Skeleton

Primary bone disorders
    Idiopathic juvenile osteoporosis
    Osteogenesis imperfecta
Potential secondary bone diseases
    Chronic inflammatory disorders
        Inflammatory bowel disease
        Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
        Cystic fibrosis
    Chronic immobilization
        Cerebral palsy
        Myopathic disease
        Epidermolysis bullosa
    Endocrine disturbance
        Turner syndrome
        Anorexia nervosa
    Cancer and therapies with adverse effects on bone health
        Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
        Status post chemotherapy for childhood cancer
        Status post transplantation (nonrenal)
    Hematologic disorders
        Thalassemia
  • Data source: Bishop N, Braillon P, Burnham J, et al. J Clin Densitom. 2008;11(1):29–42.17