TABLE 2

Characteristics of Youth Hospital Discharges Resulting From Motorcycle Injury According to State Law Type: USAHRQ, HCUP, SIDs, 2005–2007

Universal Helmet-Law States (n = 16) (Ages 12–20 y)<18 Helmet-Law States (n = 16) (Ages 12–20 y)<21 Helmet-Law States (n = 4) (Ages 12–20 y)
No. of cases in group460223131916
TBI, %30.937.832.1
Principal diagnosis of intracranial injury, %a16.220.218.0
Age, mean, y17.617.617.7
Age, %
    12 y2.33.03.1
    13 y4.24.53.6
    14 y5.35.76.0
    15 y7.57.36.4
    16 y9.08.47.6
    17 y11.69.38.6
    18 y15.017.615.9
    19 y20.421.723.0
    20 y24.722.725.9
Males, %a89.587.388.2
Length of stay, d
    Mean5.15.16.3
    Median3.03.03.0
Disposition, %b
    Routine83.982.480.1
    Transfer to other facility6.48.2a8.6
    Home health care7.36.58.2
    Left against advice0.7<0.50.8
    Died1.62.62.4
Payer, %b
    Medicaid20.416.516.7
    Private61.263.055.8
    Self-pay11.612.917.2
    No charge0.30.54.0
    Other6.57.06.2
  • a χ2, p<.05.

  • b χ2, p<.0001.