TABLE 1

Baseline Characteristics of Subjects in the Intervention and Control Groups

Characteristicn (%) or Mean ± SDPa
InterventionControl
No. of subjects53 (100)50 (100)
Gender
    Male24 (45)23 (46)1.0b
    Female29 (55)27 (54)
Race
    White18 (34)19 (38).69
    Nonwhite35 (66)31 (62)
Ethnicity
    Hispanic11 (21)7 (14).44
    Non-Hispanic42 (79)43 (86)
Age, y16.0 ± 1.115.8 ± 1.1.37
Weight, kg72.1 ± 20.569.6 ± 19.2.53
Height, cm167 ± 9167 ± 9.88
BMI, kg/m225.7 ± 6.324.9 ± 5.7.51
Weight status
    BMI <85th percentile28 (53)29 (58).69b
    BMI ≥85th percentile25 (47)21 (42)
Household incomec
    <$30 00019 (38)20 (41).97
    $30 000 to $59 99916 (32)14 (29)
    ≥$60 00015 (30)15 (31)
Residing in subsidized housing10 (19)7 (14).60
Household size (family members)3.1 ± 1.13.2 ± 1.1.96
  • a Comparing intervention and control groups by Student’s t test (continuous measures) or Fisher's exact test (discrete variables).

  • b Balanced by stratified randomization.

  • c Three nonrespondents in the intervention and 1 in the control group.