TABLE 1

Inpatient Health Care Use for US Children From 1997 to 2006, by CCC Count

CCC Category1997200020032006
n (SD)%n (SD)%n (SD)%n (SD)%
Admissions6 657 325 (122 733)a6 597 323 (125 731)6 732 415 (112 485)a6 851 400 (115 685)a
    No CCC6 065 283(108 292)91.16 009 098(113 096)91.16 100 515(95 685)90.66 157 546(96 968)90.0b
    1 CCC525 333(22 218)7.9517 299(22 784)7.8549 510(22 400)8.2590 617(23 512)c8.6
    ≥2 CCCs66 710(3690)1.070 926(4135)1.182 389(4302)1.2103 236(5558)c1.5
Hospital days22 668 577(558 841)a23 217 367(574 459)24 182 596(542 385)25 395 070(585 672)
    No CCC17 526 325(373 072)77.317 945 562(386 785)77.318 512 308(340 898)76.618 775 891(346 395)73.9b
    1 CCC4 052 131(183 071)17.94 155 676(188 345)17.94 409 928(185 416)18.24 929 464(201 124)c19.4
    ≥2 CCCs1 090 122(62 768)4.81 116 129(66 103)4.81 260 360(67 674)5.21 689 715(93 104)c6.7
Charges ($1000s)d50 929 363(1 842 363)56 581 828(2 411 688)72 172 848(2 520 630)86 047 176(3 065 975)
    No CCC32 038 516(935 190)62.935 941 263(1 571 581)63.545 058 908(1 252 651)62.451 059 104(1 391 950)59.3b
    1 CCC14 528 747(832 399)28.515 889 293(989 013)28.120 790 274(1 111 980)c28.825 848 975(1 355 093)c30.0
    ≥2 CCCs4 362 100(290 790)8.64 751 272(293 609)8.46 323 666(393 137)c8.89 139 098(570 159)c10.6
  • a Estimates of numbers do not sum exactly because of the weighting scheme.

  • b Decreasing trend in proportion with P < .0001 using linear trend of proportion in logistic regression model both from 1997 to 2006 and from 2000 to 2006.

  • c Independent-sample t test for change in use for children with ≥1 CCC compared with 1997 (P < .01).

  • d Hospital charges were converted to 2006 dollars to facilitate comparisons between years.