TABLE 2

Average Cost per Patient/Average Length of Symptoms per Patient

Epinephrine and DexamethasoneNo TreatmentEpinephrine OnlyDexamethasone Only
Average health care costs per patient, $ (95% CI)865 (690–1062)1019 (826–1232)1090 (880–1329)1140 (934–1376)
Average societal costs per patient, $ (95% CI)1115 (919–1325)1210 (1004–1441)1323 (1093–1571)1360 (1124–1624)
Average length of symptom per patient, d
    Feeding problems0.621.260.9920.55
    Sleeping problems0.890.9971.041.03
    Coughing12.0812.5412.7212.37
    Noisy breathing3.834.744.414.38
    Any symptom (95% CI)12.17 (11–13)12.69 (12–13)13.02 (12–14)12.62 (12–13)
  • Societal costs include health care costs and costs to the patient and their families; the 95% CIs are based on nonparametric bootstrapping.