TABLE 2

Comparison of Parental Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding Influenza Disease and Vaccination Before and After the 2003 to 2004 Influenza Season (n = 316)

StatementProportion Agreeing Before the Season, %Proportion Agreeing After the Season, %Absolute Change in Agreement, %Pa
Susceptibility to influenza infections
    Your child is not very likely to get the flu.4741−6.10
    A healthy 40-y-old adult is more likely to get the flu than your child.3818−20<.01
    Compared with other children your child’s age, your child is more likely to get the flu.3640+4.23
Severity of influenza infections
    Influenza infections are usually more serious in a healthy 70-y-old adult than in a healthy 1-y-old child.5842−16<.01
    Influenza infections are usually more serious in a healthy 40-y-old adult than in a healthy 1-y-old child.2514−11<.01
    Complications from influenza infections are very rare in children <2 y old.3228−4.24
    The flu is usually a mild disease.5243−9.01
    Influenza infections cause many hospitalizations and deaths in the United States.8081+1.74
Benefits of vaccination
    The flu vaccine prevents children from catching the flu.5949−10<.01
    Giving the flu vaccine to children will decrease their parents’ time lost from work.5671+15<.01
    Giving the flu vaccine to children will decrease their school absences.6977+8<.01
Risks of vaccination
    The flu vaccine is not safe to give to a 1-y-old child.196−13<.01
    The flu vaccine can cause the flu in some people.6958−11<.01
    The flu vaccine will often cause minor reactions.8881−7.02
    Your child is likely to have a serious reaction to the flu vaccine.2216−6.01
Social norms regarding vaccination
    Most of the parents you know take their children for flu shots.3771+34<.01
    Most people important to you think you should give your child a flu shot.3870+32<.01
Knowledge of national recommendations
    National health organizations encourage or recommend flu shots for a healthy 1-y-old child.4384+41<.01
  • a McNemar’s test for paired data.