TABLE 2

Patient Characteristics

Norwood Procedure (n = 26)Transplant (n = 21)P
Patient-related
    Age at testing, y1212.9.22
    Male gender, %8150.02
    Race, nonwhite, %12.511.8.95
    Insurance private/HMO, %7991.28
    Parents married, %7780.81
    Mean family income$60 000–80 000$40 000–60 000.58
    Mother's education levelSome collegeSome college.44
    SES score66.165.5.76
    Special education, %5455.94
    Learning delay reported by parents, %5035.32
    Birth weight, kg3.523.56.75
    Aortic atresia, %5669.43
    Preoperative seizure, %617.36
Procedure-related
    Age at first operation, median, d627<.001
    Cardiopulmonary bypass time, min9980.02
    DHCA time, min5952.04
    Cooling temperature, °C14.718.5<.001
    Total length of stay, median, d2546<.001
  • Values are expressed as mean (or median, where appropriate). HMO indicates health maintenance organization; SES, socioeconomic status.