TABLE 2

Blood Pressure in Survivors of Preterm Birth Measured in Early Adulthood Compared With Controls

StudySubject Characteristics, Preterm (n)/control (n)Year of BirthAge, Mean, yMethodSystolic Blood PressureDiastolic Blood Pressure
Preterm, Mean (SD)Control, Mean (SD)Mean Difference (95% CI)Preterm, Mean (SD)Control, Mean (SD)Mean Difference (95% CI)
Kistner et al17Women <32 wk gestation, 15/17NS24.7Clinical: oscillometric123 (13)110 (7)13a69 (8)64 (7)5b
Ambulatory: 24 h120 (7)116 (7)4b72 (7)69 (4)2b
Doyle et al18BW < 1501 g, single hospital, 156/381977–198218.6Clinical: sphygmomanometer124.8 (14.8)116.1 (14.1)8.6 (3.4 to 13.9)72.4 (9.6)68.2 (7.2)4.3 (1.0 to 7.6)
Ambulatory: 24 h122.1 (9.6)117.4 (7.4)4.7 (1.4 to 8.0)69.2 (7.0)68.0 (4.8)1.1 (−1.2 to 3.5)
Hack et al19BW < 1501 g, single hospital, 195/2081977–197920Clinical: sphygmomanometer114.2 (11.0)111.9 (13.0)2.3a73.1 (9.0)72.6 (9.0)0.5b
Johansson et al20Swedish male singletons, 24–28 wk gestation, 162/275 8951973–198118.2Clinical: sphygmomanometer132 (13)129 (11)3a67 (11)67 (10)0b
Hovi et al11,21BW < 1500 g, single hospital, no exclusions 163/1691978–198522Clinical: automated sphygmomanometer121.8 (13.6)117.5 (13.0)4.0 (1.5 to 6.5)a78.8 (8.6)75.2 (8.2)3.6 (0.8 to 6.3)a
Ambulatory: 24 hM: 121.7 (6.8); F: 117.1 (10.7)M: 122.1 (9.4); F: 114.0 (6.9)2.4 (0.2 to 4.6)cM: 68.9 (6.1); F: 71.6 (7.8)M: 70.1 (6.4); F: 71.6 (7.8)0.8 (−0.8 to 2.5)c
  • BW indicates birth weight; NS, not specified; M, male; F, female.

  • a Not calculated in the publication but statistically significant between groups.

  • b Not calculated in the publication but not statistically significant between groups.

  • c For both genders combined, adjusted for age and gender.