TABLE 1

Patient and Hospital Demographics

% of All Neonatal Hospitalizations% of Neonatal Hospitalizations With BPD
Birth weight
    <1500 g1.5352.9
    >1500 g98.4747.1
Gender
    Male51.4659.27
    Female48.5440.74
Payer
    Medicare0.150.11
    Medicaid35.4750.41
    Private insurance54.0141.80
    Self-pay5.282.03
    No charge0.1340.062
    Other4.965.58
Median income for patient zip code, quartile
    First quartile24.7228.92
    Second quartile21.9222.76
    Third quartile20.2420.09
    Fourth quartile31.4926.02
Hospital location
    Rural17.398.51
    Urban82.6191.49
Teaching status
    Teaching57.0227.35
    Nonteaching42.9872.65
Race/ethnicity
    White42.3435.42
    Black9.9320.59
    Hispanic14.2111.86
    Asian/Pacific Islander2.851.81
    Native American0.440.55
    Other30.2329.77
Region of Hospital
    Northeast18.0120.87
    Midwest22.8922.73
    West24.4521.26
    South34.6635.14
  • Significant socioeconomic and regional disparities were noted between patients with and without BPD. Note that a significant proportion of patients with BPD were cared for outside of teaching hospitals.