TABLE 5.

Panel Opinion: Deficiencies in Neonatal Care

Deficiencies in CareInfants Who Died, % (n = 366)Infants Who Survived, % (n = 395)Crude OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR* (95% CI)
Resuscitation at birth135/360 (37.5)95/389 (24.4)1.86 (1.36–2.54)1.85 (1.34–2.55)
Early thermal care153/327 (46.8)142/381 (37.3)1.48 (1.10–2.00)1.40 (1.00–1.94)
Surfactant therapy113/358 (31.6)81/390 (20.8)1.76 (1.12–2.76)1.92 (1.33–2.78)
Ventilatory support167/335 (49.6)132/389 (33.9)1.91 (1.40–2.61)2.08 (1.49–2.90)
Cardiovascular support102/304 (33.5)67/341 (19.7)2.06 (1.44–2.95)2.13 (1.45–3.15)
Early management of infection70/342 (20.2)63/393 (16.0)1.33 (0.91–1.93)1.32 (0.87–2.0)
Late management of infection45/306 (14.7)59/387 (15.2)0.96 (0.63–1.46)1.21 (0.76–1.91)
Overall organization of care113/357 (31.6)81/386 (21.0)1.74 (1.25–2.43)2.06 (1.42–2.98)
Ex utero transfer
    Failure to transfer13/281 (4.6)3/324 (0.9)5.19 (1.46–18.4)5.18 (1.40–19.24)
    Deficient transfer19/37 (51.4)7/35 (20.0)4.22 (1.48–12.1)7.96 (2.22–28.48)
  • Data are n (%) unless otherwise stated; % was calculated from the number of infants for whom the information was provided.

  • * Adjusted for gender, birth weight ≤5th centile, and condition of infant at 5 minutes of age.