TABLE 1.

Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of Patients Before and After CPOE System Implementation

Variable*All Patients (N = 1942)Before CPOE (N = 1394)After CPOE (N = 548)P
Age, mo9.0 (0.6–48.0)9.0 (0.6–48.0)10.0 (0.5–48.0).982
Male gender, n (%)1082 (55.7%)767 (55.0%)315 (57.5%).352
Prematurity, n (%)91 (4.7%)60 (4.3%)31 (5.7%).250
PRISM score4 (0–7)4 (0–7)4 (0–7).292
Admitted to ICU, n (%)1102 (56.7%)790 (56.7%)312 (56.9%).957
Airway/respiratory, n (%)828 (42.6%)578 (41.5%)250 (45.6%).106
Infectious disease, n (%)677 (34.9%)489 (35.1%)188 (34.3%).788
CNS/neuromuscular, n (%)377 (19.4%)288 (20.7%)89 (16.2%).031
Surgical referral, n (%)346 (17.8%)252 (18.1%)94 (17.2%).680
Gastrointestinal, n (%)265 (13.6%)191 (13.7%)74 (13.5%).967
GCS score ≤8, n/N (%)244/1927 (12.7%)177/1386 (12.8%)67/541 (12.4%).879
Metabolic/renal/ingestion, n (%)221 (11.4%)155 (11.1%)66 (12.0%).618
Cardiovascular, n (%)159 (8.2%)109 (7.8%)50 (9.1%).394
Shock, n (%)156 (8.0%)114 (8.2%)42 (7.7%).778
Congenital/genetic, n (%)93 (4.8%)68 (4.9%)25 (4.6%).861
Hematologic/oncologic, n (%)57 (2.9%)43 (3.1%)14 (2.6%).636
Other diagnosis, n (%)52 (2.7%)40 (2.9%)12 (2.2%).497
ECMO referral, n (%)34 (1.8%)24 (1.7%)10 (1.8%).971
  • * Clinical categories are not mutually exclusive (eg, meningococcemia = infectious disease and shock).

  • P values reflect comparisons between “before” and “after” CPOE, as determined by Mann-Whitney rank sum test for continuous data and χ2 or Fisher's exact tests for categorical data. CNS, central nervous system; ECMO, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation; GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale.

  • Continuous data are presented as median (interquartile range).