TABLE 1

Causes of Baroreflex Failure6

Trauma
Surgery (carotid endarterectomy, carotid body tumor resection)
Brainstem stroke
Tumor growth, paragangliomata
Irradiation
Leigh syndrome
Afferent sensory neuropathy
Genetic (Groll-Hirschowitz syndrome, hypertension-brachydactyly syndrome, arterial tortuosity syndromea)
  • a Fibulin-4 mutation, patient discussed in this report.