TABLE 2

Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of 409 Children With AGE (N = 406)

Age at entry, n (%)
    3.0 to <24.0 mo262 (64)
    24.0–48.0 mo147 (36)
Gender, n (%)
    Male237 (58)
    Female172 (42)
Weight, mean ± SD, g11.7 ± 5.4
Diarrhea in previous 48 h, n (%)403 (99)
No. of diarrheal episodes in previous 24 h, mean ± SDa7.1 ± 5.6
Vomiting in previous 48 h, n (%)341 (84)
No. of vomiting episodes in previous 24 hours, mean ± SDa5.2 ± 5.6
Fever in previous 48 h, n (%)b284 (70)
Duration of fever, mean ± SD, d1.7 ± 1.8
Decreased liquid intake in previous 48 h, n (%)c305 (75)
Decreased urine output in previous 48 h, n (%)c313 (77)
Decreased energy in previous 48 h, n (%)c361 (89)
Attends day care, n (%)d191 (47)
Triage temperature, mean ± SD, °C37.3 ± 1.0
Triage heart rate, mean ± SD, beats per min133 ± 21
Triage respiratory rate, breaths per min28.1 ± 7.5
Canadian Triage and Acuity Scale score, mean ± SD3.4 ± 0.6
  • a Numbers of vomiting and diarrheal episodes in the preceding 24 hours included all children, even those who did not have any episodes in the preceding 24-hour period.

  • b Fever was defined as a documented temperature of >38.0°C (>37.5°C axillary).

  • c Questions on decreased intake, urine output, and energy were asked as is routine during clinical history-taking, and responses were left to the caregivers' interpretation.

  • d Day care attendance was defined as the child being cared for ≥2 half-days (2.5 hours/day) per week by a relative or nonrelative, in a child care center or at home or in someone else's home where there was, on average, a minimum of 3 children including the enrolled child.