TABLE 1.

Demographic and Sleep Characteristics and Corresponding Serum Lipids and Glucose Regulation in 19 Control Children, 52 Children With Mild SDB, and 64 Children With Moderate to Severe SDB

Controls (n = 19)Mild SDB (n = 52)Moderate to Severe SDB (n = 64)
Gender, male/female12:733:1934:30
Age, y9.2 ± 3.08.5 ± 3.39.1 ± 3.8
relBMI135.9 ± 40.3144.3 ± 56.9161.5 ± 55.7
AHI, per hour of TST0.55 ± 0.272.2 ± 0.98*20.0 ± 20.7
Spo2 nadir, %91.1 ± 2.489.2 ± 4.580.8 ± 12.1
Arousal index8.0 ± 2.110.5 ± 4.7*21.3 ± 18.6
Cholesterol, mg/dL160.7 ± 17.0173.1 ± 33.1161.4 ± 31.1
TGs, mg/dL90.6 ± 47.5105.7 ± 79.3107.2 ± 57.4
HDL, mg/dL52.4 ± 14.553.0 ± 16.647.0 ± 12.3
LDL, mg/dL82.2 ± 24.898.4 ± 28.793.4 ± 30.3
Glucose, mg/dL92.9 ± 10.691.1 ± 9.690.8 ± 9.0
Insulin, μIU/mL12.9 ± 12.312.8 ± 12.713.3 ± 10.8
I/G ratio0.14 ± 0.130.13 ± 0.120.14 ± 0.10
HOMA3.1 ± 2.93.0 ± 3.23.1 ± 3.0
  • LDL indicates low-density lipoprotein.

  • * P < .001 mild SDB versus control.

  • P < .001 moderate to severe SDB versus mild SDB.

  • P < .001 moderate to severe SDB versus control.