TABLE 1.

Patient Characteristics

Mean age, d99
Male, n (%)91 (64)
White, n (%)67 (47)
Medicaid, n (%)40 (28)
Prematurity, n (%)20 (14)
Comorbidities, n (%)7 (5)
Mean severity score*
    Non-CIPs2.4
    CIPs4.8
Reason for hospitalization
    Respiratory distress, n (%)125 (87)
    Apnea, n (%)12 (8)
    Other, n (%)6 (4)
Initial therapy
    Nebulized albuterol, n (%)69 (48)
    Racemic epinephrine, n (%)61 (43)
    Oxygen, n (%)76 (53)
    Intravenous fluids, n (%)50 (35)
  • * Severity-of-illness score, rated from mild to severe (1–9).