TABLE 2.

Infection-Related Events Among Study Infants Who Received ≥50 mL/kg of Milk

Group DM (n = 78)Group PF (n = 88)Group MM (n = 70)Group DM Versus Group PF, PGroup MM Versus Combined Groups DM and PF, P
LOS, n (%).97.022
    1 episode23 (29)26 (30)16 (23)
    >1 episode*7 (9)7 (8)1 (1)
NEC, n (%)5 (6)10 (11)4 (6).27.39
Meningitis, n (%)3 (4)6 (7)4 (6).50.90
Presumed sepsis, n (%)3 (4)5 (6)1 (1).72.29
Urinary tract infection, n (%)7 (9)9 (10)4 (6).79.59
LOS and/or NEC, n (%).42.034
    1 episode23 (29)20 (23)18 (26)
    >1 episode8 (10)14 (16)2 (3)
Death, n (%)3 (4)3 (3)2 (3).88.77
Sum of death and/or infection-related events, cases per 100 infants77 ± 10385 ± 11147 ± 70.62.012
  • * Group MM significantly lower than groups DM and PF (OR: 0.45; 95% CI: 0.24–0.86): P = .015.

  • Group MM significantly lower than groups DM and PF (OR: 0.18; 95% CI: 0.04–0.79): P = .023.