TABLE 5

Factors Associated With Newborn Hepatitis B Vaccination

CharacteristicNewborns Who Received VaccineP
n/NaWt% (95% CI)
Mother's race/ethnicity.5000
    White non-Hispanic1917/271065.7 (57.6–72.9)
    Black non-Hispanic457/54175.8 (61.0–86.2)
    Asian96/12863.2 (38.7–82.3)
    Hispanic449/62672.6 (54.2–85.6)
    Other/unknown329/45063.4 (42.5–80.2)
Insurance status.0300
    Private1510/216363.2 (52.1–73.1)
    Medicaid1468/191675.3 (66.5–82.4)
    Other/unknown270/37671.1 (50.6–85.5)
Maternal age at time of infant birth, y.4000
    <18123/15770.8 (55.0–82.8)
    18–251479/195971.7 (62.5–79.4)
    26–30845/117965.7 (54.2–75.6)
    ≥31788/114167.5 (57.1–76.4)
Hospital has written policy for universal dose of birth HepB<.0001
    Yes2549/291087.2 (76.0–93.6)
    No682/152038.4 (27.2–51.0)
No. of births per year.5000
    <350831/110674.5 (61.7–84.1)
    ≥350 and <700869/117876.5 (67.0–83.9)
    ≥700 and <2000838/105373.9 (59.6–84.4)
    ≥2000710/111865.6 (51.9–77.1)
Highest level of neonatal care.7000
    Basic care1564/211964.1 (43.9–80.3)
    Specialty care995/137965.1 (50.7–77.2)
    Subspecialty care (neonatal intensive care)664/93272.5 (57.2–83.9)
Attending provider.7000
    Obstetrician2406/326569.2 (58.7–78.0)
    Family physician517/70468.9 (54.8–80.2)
    Other/unknown325/48664.9 (54.3–74.2)
Hospital contains medical residency program.0100
    Yes708/94580.4 (69.8–87.9)
    No2540/351061.8 (50.0–72.4)
Hospital geographic location.0300
    Rural1313/168481.6 (73.1–87.8)
    Urban1935/277167.2 (56.9–76.0)
Hospital funding type.5900
    For profit400/54663.0 (37.0–83.2)
    Not for profit2848/390970.0 (60.3–78.2)
State with universal birth dose supply policyb.0001
    Yes1718/215583.9 (77.6–88.6)
    No1461/222557.9 (44.6–70.2)
Total3248/4455c68.7 (59.4–76.6)
  • a Totals may vary; missing and “don't know” responses were excluded.

  • b Policy to provide the newborn HepB dose at no cost to all infants, regardless of insurance status.

  • c Infants who weighed <2000 g at birth and were born to HBsAg-negative mothers were excluded.