TABLE 1.

Demographic Characteristics of White, Black, and Hispanic Enrollees in SCHIP in New York State

Total, %White, %Black, %Hispanic, %
Race and ethnicity *100.025.230.943.9
Region
    New York City69.1 §32.683.0 §80.3 §
    New York City environs15.4 §18.39.5 §18.0
    Upstate urban (SMSA)11.1 §34.36.1 §1.4 §
    Upstate rural (non-SMSA)4.3 §14.81.3 §0.4 §
Child age at enrollment
    0–2.9 y19.420.716.121.0
    3–5.9 y17.518.018.716.4
    6–11.9 y33.332.234.333.2
    12–17.9 y29.829.130.929.4
Single-parent household51.1 §36.567.2 §48.1
Household size
    1–2 people8.5 8.614.04.4
    3–4 people51.3 57.543.6 53.2
    ≥5 people40.233.942.442.3
Income ≤160% of FPL81.2 65.886.2 §87.5
Highest grade completed
    <High school23.2 §4.515.1 §39.6 §
    High school35.639.638.431.3
    >High school38.0 §55.040.3 26.6 §
Maximum employment status
    Working full-time62.5 72.653.2 §63.2
    Working part-time18.114.923.915.7
    Not working19.5 12.422.9 21.1
Respondent born outside United States56.0 §25.854.1 §73.7 §
Previous health insurance
    No. of months insured year before SCHIP
        None (uninsured all year)62.0 48.863.1 68.8 §
        All 12 mo23.730.026.218.3
        1–11 mo14.3 21.210.7 §12.9
    Type of last insurance
        Any private61.7 48.362.8 68.6 §
        Medicaid22.4 §40.624.8 10.2 §
        Other15.9 11.012.421.2
  • SMSA indicates US Census standard metropolitan statistical areas.

  • * Significance testing is for 3 racial groups (“Total”) and for black versus white (“Black”) and Hispanic versus white (“Hispanic”).

  • Three quarters of new enrollees were racial/ethnic minority groups (21% non-Hispanic white, 24% non- Hispanic black, 36% Hispanic, 19% other). Children of other races were not eligible for the study.

  • Education and employment reflect highest in household among ≥1 parents.

  • § P ≤ .001.

  • P ≤ .01.

  • P ≤ .05.