TABLE 3

Baseline Characteristics

Group A (N = 19)Group B (N = 14)Total (N = 33)
Gestational age, mean ± SD, wk39.5 ± 1.839.9 ± 1.339.7 ± 1.6
Birth weight, mean ± SD, g3254 ± 7013416 ± 4873320 ± 620
Gender, n (%)
    Male8 (42)7 (50)15 (46)
    Female11 (58)7 (50)18 (54)
Outborn, n (%)17 (90)12 (86)29 (88)
Apgar score at 5 min of ≤5, n (%)12 (67)11 (79)23 (72)
Cord pH, mean (range) (group A, N = 12; group B, N = 11)6.87 (6.67–7.00)6.88 (6.64–7.30)6.87 (6.64–7.30)
Lacatate level, mean (range), mmol/L (group A, N = 15; group B, N = 13)14.1 (2.2–26)9.3 (3.1–29.0)11.9 (2.2–29.0)
HIE, n (%)
    Grade II11 (58)7 (50)18 (55)
    Grade III8 (42)7 (50)15 (45)
Mode of delivery, n (%)
    Vaginal3 (16)4 (29)7 (21)
    Ventouse extraction2 (10)3 (21)5 (15)
    Cesarean section, emergency14 (74)7 (50)21 (64)
Meconium-stained liquor, n (%)9 (47)7 (50)16 (49)
Mechanical ventilation, n (%)15 (79)13 (93)28 (85)