TABLE 1.

Univariate and Multivariate Analysis of Risk Factors for LTBI in Children Who Were Born in the United States and CSA (N = 582)

VariableTST+ (N = 72)Unadjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Female34/299 (11%)Reference
Male38/283 (13%)0.83 (0.49–1.39)
Median age6 y *
Born in US, no BCG8/363 (2%)Reference
Born in US, received BCG4/20 (20%)11.1 (2.5–47.1)9.1 (2.4–34.1)
Born in CSA, no BCG1/5 (20%) 11.1 (0.0–131.9)15.7 (1.5–165.2)
Born in CSA, received BCG58/187 (31%) 19.9 (8.9–46.5)29.0 (12.7–66.1
No family travel50/412 (12%)Reference
Family travel22/170 (13%)1.08 (0.61–1.9)
No visitors to US46/374 (12%)Reference
Visitors to US26/208 (12%)1.02 (0.59–1.75)
No child travel43/359 (12%)Reference
Child travel29/223 (13%)1.10 (0.64–1.87)2.8 (1.5–5.4)
  • — indicates analysis not performed.

  • * P < .001, Mann-Whitney U test compared to median age of 4 years in the TST group.

  • Did not remain in model.

  • The parents of 1 child who was born in Mexico with a positive TST reported “don't know” to the question regarding receipt of BCG.