TABLE 2

Sociodemographic Factors and Medical Conditions Independently Associated With All CAM Use and the 3 Most Common CAM Modalities Among Individuals Younger Than 18 Years

FactorAll CAM Use, aOR (95% CI)aMind Body Use, aOR (95% CI)bBiologically Based Therapies, aOR (95% CI)cManipulation/Body Work, aOR (95% CI)d
Sociodemographic
    Age, y
        Infant and toddler, 0–4ReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
        Child, 5–111.08 (0.74–1.58)1.42 (0.76–2.67)1.60 (1.03–2.51)1.18 (0.81–1.72)
        Adolescent, 12–171.61 (1.11–2.34)2.45 (1.36–4.40)2.15 (1.35–3.44)1.98 (1.39–2.81)
    Race
        Non-Hispanic whiteReferenceReference
        Non-Hispanic black0.60 (0.37–0.96)0.58 (0.37–0.92)
        Non-Hispanic Asian0.70 (0.38–1.27)0.56 (0.25–1.26)
        Non-Hispanic all other races1.35 (0.49–3.72)0.72 (0.21–2.54)
        Hispanic0.62 (0.40–0.95)0.56 (0.41–0.78)
    Region
        SouthReferenceReferenceReference
        Midwest1.35 (1.04–1.74)1.25 (0.85–1.82)0.98 (0.67–1.43)
        Northeast1.36 (1.02–1.80)1.54 (1.06–2.26)1.02 (0.64–1.64)
        West2.05 (1.62–2.59)1.97 (1.43–2.70)1.89 (1.24–2.90)
    Income
        $19 999 or lessReference
        $20 000–$34 9990.75 (0.44–1.27)
        $35 000–$64 9991.32 (0.90–1.96)
        $65 000 or more1.48 (1.03–2.11)
    Highest education of either parent
        Less than high schoolReferenceReferenceReference
        High school1.89 (1.22–2.92)1.43 (0.79–2.60)1.55 (0.81–2.99)
        Some college2.31 (1.56–3.43)2.01 (1.17–3.45)1.71 (0.89–3.26)
        4-y college or more4.33 (2.92–6.42)4.39 (2.50–7.69)3.55 (1.88–6.69)
    Prescription medication use in the previous 3 mo1.51 (1.19–1.92)
    Delayed health care because of access and/or economic barriers1.50 (1.07–2.10)
Medical conditions or symptoms
    Abdominal pain1.73 (1.12–2.68)
    Anxiety and stress2.54 (1.89–3.42)4.02 (2.92–5.53)
    Dermatologic1.35 (1.03–1.78)
    Fever1.47 (1.08–2.00)
    Insomnia1.63 (1.11–2.41)2.60 (1.76–3.85)
    Musculoskeletal1.94 (1.31–2.87)3.69 (2.50–5.44)
    Nausea and/or vomiting1.62 (1.27–2.05)1.79 (1.32–2.43)1.49 (1.08–2.05)
    Reflux1.56 (1.07–2.28)1.72 (1.10–2.69)
    Sinusitis1.54 (1.11–2.14)1.45 (1.02–2.05)
  • a ORs have been adjusted for age, region, parental education, prescription medication use, and medical conditions with a P value of ≤.05.

  • b ORs have been adjusted for age, region, parental education, insurance status, and medical conditions with a P value of ≤.05.

  • c ORs have been adjusted for age, race, region, parental education, delays in access to medical care, and medical conditions with a P value of ≤.05.

  • d ORs have been adjusted for age, race, income, and medical conditions with a P value of ≤.05.